Another seaside province is located in the eastern part of the country: Nova Scotia occupies the eponymous peninsula as well as Cape Breton. The province is bordered by the Atlantic currents, the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Historically, before the French colonists, these lands belonged to the Indian tribe of Mi’kmaq. The first European name of the area was Acadia. In 1720, the first lighthouse in Canada was established here. The first settlers from Scotland came here in 1773. They founded the city of Pictou, where Gaelic language and dialect are spoken to this day.
The capital Halifax is the largest port of the country, so the shipbuilding and fish-processing industries received the largest-scale development here. Automotive engineering and exploitation of petroleum feedstock also became an integral part of the economy. The favorable climate influenced the development of agricultural structures, the extensive apple orchards of Annapolis Valley are known throughout the provinces.
The intellectual needs are fulfilled by five universities of various orientations, including the university town of Antigonish, where the annual “Highland Games” sporting event takes place, and museums, including the popular Museum of The Army and Maritime Museum.
The classic attraction in many cities – the town hall clock, and in this case, the old town citadel clock, is situated on the highest hill and attracts many tourists with a breathtaking view.
Lunenburg, a fishing town with a picturesque harbor is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site because it preserves local spirit and flavor. The coast is rich not only in settlements, but also in trails – Cabot Trail in a newly opened Cape Breton Highlands National Park offers a unique opportunity to enjoy the beautiful views of nature along its 300 km length.
The motto of the province is “One defends and the other conquers.”